MDG 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger
A few weeks back we began our discussion of the Millennium Development Goals and Jolkona. Today we will continue by looking in depth at the first of the MDGs.
The first of the MDGs is the eradication of extreme poverty and hunger.
Targets for eradicating extreme poverty
There are two target metrics the UN has set for the eradication of extreme poverty.
- Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1/day
- Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people
Economists use two bars for determining who in the world is considered economically poor. The first, people living on $2/day, are considered â€œmerelyâ€ poor. The second, those living on $1/day, are considered the â€œextremely poorâ€.
This may seem like a strange distinction to make but itâ€™s important because while we would all like to see everyone living in poverty to have a chance at a better life, it is those living on $1/day or less who are the most vulnerable to climate change, natural disaster and economic hardships like recessions or changes in food prices.
The best way to lift these people out of poverty is meaningful work. Article 23 of the United Nationsâ€™ Universal Declaration of Human Rights states, â€œEveryone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.â€
Target for eradicating hunger
- Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people suffering from hunger
The most obvious cases of hunger are usually acute famines, such as what is currently transpiring in East Africa. A mix of political instability and climate change can create a situation in which crops are unable to grow, and people and livestock die as a result.
Food security is also an issue closely tied to poverty. People who are poor or extremely poor often cannot afford to buy the food they need for themselves or their families, especially in light of food prices that have risen sharply in the past few years. For some people, undernourishment or malnourishment is a way of life.
Poor nutrition hits children especially hard, and has long lasting effects. Children who do not receive a proper diet suffer from physical and mental developmental issues. This can range from simply being under-height and weight when they reach adulthood, to severe mental retardation as a result. According to one USAID report, even before the 2008 global financial collapse and concurrent rise in food prices, 178 million children (about 1/3 of all children) were suffering from chronic malnutrition.
What you can do to help
Eliminating extreme poverty and hunger would not just meet the first of the MDGs, it can have a huge impact on all the others as well. Here are some ways you can get involved through Jolkona supported projects:
- Provide seeds or farming tools to a family in Nicaragua
- Provide healthy meals for children in Uganda
- Help families fleeing famine in Somalia
For more information, take a look at the United Nations Development Programâ€™s Millennium Development Goals page.